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upper stoliv kotor montenegro

Stoliv

Luxuriant nature of mount Vrmac

 

Stoliv is surrounded by chestnut tree forest. It is also a town where the camellia, far east flower brought to the bay by its sailors, took root

   

The road leading along the coast, along the foot of the peninsula and mountain of Vrmac (768 m), takes you to Lower Stoliv – a village, on the north-eastern side of Vrmac peninsula, opposite to Perast. The village was created with the process of gradual moving of the inhabitants of the Upper Stoliv, during the 17th and the 18th century, motivated by the strengthening of the role of maritime trade and maritime orientation of Lower Stoliv, known at that time as “New Village”. For this reason, Lower Stoliv got the status of a maritime settlement in 1721. During the 1960-ies, with the strengthening of the merchant fleet of the shipping company “JUGOOCEANIJA” from Kotor there was growing need for seafarers, which caused a larger displacement of the population. Therefore, in 1961 Upper Stoliv had only 15 inhabitants, which was the largest number after World War II. Nowadays, there are no inhabitants there.

Lower Stoliv is surrounded by a chestnut tree forest, the fruits of which it celebrates during the traditional event called “Kostanjada”. It also celebrates Camellia, a rare flowering plant brought from East Asia by local seafarers. The most valuable monument is the church of St. Basil, at Markov rt, with 15th century fresco paintings, depicting the images of saints from the eastern and Western church, with both Cyrillic and Latin inscriptions, which speaks of particular symbiosis of eastern and western influences on the medieval painting in this area. Upper Stoliv, a favorite destination for lovers of relaxing hiking activities, lies at the altitude of 200–240 m above the sea, surrounded by a chestnut tree forest, and with preserved original urban and architectural physiognomy. Far from automobiles and concrete, it conjures up the time of its origin and development. The settlement is dominated by the Church of St. Elijah, 15th to 16th century, with the clock still striking hours from the bell tower. The settlement is accessed via a maintained pedestrian footpath which leads through the chestnut tree forest. (prikaz staze kroz kestenovu šumu)