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risan bay kotor

RISAN

Queen Teuta and Hypnos

 

 

Risan is the oldest settlement in Boka Kotorska Bay, mentioned in the 3rd century AD as a fortified Illyrian town

The presence of former civilizations in the area of Risan is testified by more recent archaeological excavations at the sites of Carine and Gradina.

At Carine, the remains have been found of a Roman settlement, while at Gradina the remains have been found of an Illyrian town: foundations of a 3rd century BC palace that had belonged to Illyrian kings, parts of the town gate, street and remains of monumental architectural objects. Furthermore, on the same site, below Gradina necropolis, Teuta’s fortress, on the right bank of the River Spila, king Ballaios coins were found.

Roman 2nd century AD mosaic with ornaments and figurative solutions, among which there is the image of Hypnos, God of Dreams, the only image of this deity in the wider region.

Ongoing archaeological explorations confirm the antiquity of this town, not only on land, but also in the sea, where the remains were found of a Classical port. Until the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Risan had been the principal town of Boka Kotorska Bay.

The site called Gabela constitutes the urban core of the Town. It is paved in Oriental style, with a row of civic houses from the 17th-19th century, among which captain Ivelić’s Palace stands out dating back to the second half of the 18th century. This is a rarely preserved part of the urban core from the period of Turkish rule (1539 –1687).

The Orthodox church of St. Peter and Paul, from the end of the 18th century, at the periphery of the town park, with the facade decorated in rosette, possesses several important handicraft objects of Russian origin from the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th century.

Risan is the birthplace to the national hero Nikola Đurković, famous sea captains, nine icon painters from the family Dimitrijević-Rafailović, as well as to the benefactor Vaso Ćuković.

On the way to Perast, there is Banja Monastery, built at the beginning of the 18th century, on the foundations of an older one from the 13th century, with rich collection of icons of Dimitrijević- Rafailović School from Risan.

From Risan, the road takes you to the hinterland, to the place called Crkvice, 15 kilometres away, and further towards Nikšić, 75 kilometres away.