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History

Centuries young

 

 

 

The symbiosis between the living world and nature has long been established in this area. This is testified by the presence of man whose traces of material culture date as far back as to the Neolithic Age and Early Bronze Age, therefore about 3 000 years ago.

The oldest prehistoric drawings on the cave walls at Lipci and the Neolithic findings in the cave above Perast, stone tumuli in Grbalj all bear testimony to that. Their position and type are a consequence of the morphological features of the relief, socio-cultural and socio-economic circumstances at the time of their origin. These circumstances were being changed during history, and the history of this region had started being written by the Illyrians as of the 3rd century BC up to the year 168 BC. Numerous tumuli, minted money, jewellery, place-names, remains of edifices date back to that period.

In 168 BC, the Romans overpowered the Illyrians and ruled over Boka until the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476. At that time Risan was the principal town of Boka after which it was called Sinus Rhizonicus. In the 1st century AD, Pliny the Elder mentions Acruvium, located in the territory of the present-day Kotor.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Boka came under the rule of the Eastern Empire (Byzantium), with Kotor as its principal town. From that time onwards the bay has been called Boka Kotorska Bay. With brief interruption and the rule of Doclean and Zeta rulers from the immediate hinterland, Boka Kotorska had remained within Byzantium until 1185, when it becomes a part of Raška, Serbian state under the Nemanjićs. Kotor became an important port thanks to its geographical position, where maritime route encountered the caravan one that led through the Škurda River Canyon on to the mines of Brskovo, Drvenik, Trepča and Novo Brdo.

In 1371, Kotor falls under the rule of Louis I, the king of Hungary and Croatia, until his death in 1384.

Bosnian king Tvrtko Kotromanić ruled over Kotor from 1384 to 1391.

In the period from 1391 to 1420, Kotor enjoyed autonomy, after which it comes under the dominion of the Venetian Republic until its fall in 1797.

After the fall of the Venetian Republic, Boka Kotorska was ceded to Austria until 1806 when it comes under the rule of Russia, but only briefly, as already in 1807 it is ceded to France.

Appreciating the desire of the peoples to live in one state, Montenegro and Boka Kotorska Bay decided to make a union at the national assembly on which occasion so called Central Commission was established. The Central Commission was chaired by Peter I. The unification act was officially sealed by Kotor Bishopric. However, this unification lasted solely nine months, from 11th September 1813 to 10th June 1814.

The destiny of Boka was decided in 1814 following a treaty signed among the great powers. According to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Boka Kotorska came under the dominion of Austria where it remained until 1918. The dissatisfaction of the inhabitants of Boka with their position and status in the country was manifested through Grbalj uprising in in 1848, Boka uprising in 1869 and Krivošije uprising in 1882.

As of the year 1918, Montenegro followed the destiny of the Yugoslav states, within the joint country, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, then in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and then after the World War II in the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia until 1991, and then in the union with Serbia until 2006, when it became an independent state following the popular vote at the referendum.

Explore Tourism Offer in Kotor Area

Things to See and Do

Perast

Guides / Perast Hometown of famous captains       Perast is a picturesque village opposite to Verige Strait, regarded the strait as the entrance to Kotor – Risan Bay Owing to its geographic position and specific microclimate, Perast has more sunshine and less rainfall than other places in the bay. This was confirmed by measurements - Perast receives on average around 1 700 mm of rainfall or 1 500 mm less than Risan, only three kilometres away! Because of [...]

Morinj

Guides / Morinj Springs and forests   Place with longstanding, rich history written by skilled seamen, participants of numerous sea battles and achievements which helped open new merchant routes It is said that the archives of the Morinj and Kostanjica principalities have disappeared. Some documents were even used as wrapping paper in town shops. However, Morinj is mentioned as a village in Dalmatia first time in the 14th century. Legend has it that it was once called Dobro Selo (Good [...]

Jovan Martinović

Kotor - Montenegro's gate to Europe Archaeologist and polyglot, author of numerous articles, discussions and books in the field of archeology, maritime affairs and medieval history By Veliborka Dragomanović We asked Jovan what sets Kotor apart from other cities. The specificity of the moment we are in, as well as the awareness of the need to dedicate ourselves even more to the preservation and promotion of cultural and historical heritage, led us to ask our interlocutor to tell us how [...]

St. Tryphon Festivities

Events / St. Tryphon festivities Boka Navy: Let's offer hands to each other     It is hard to find an organization that has for such a long time – 1207 years, managed to preserve its attributes that make it a living intangible cultural heritage. These attributes are: customs, language and costumes. It is a popular belief that the presence of Boka Navy in Kotor dates back to 13th January 807, when it allegedly took part in the translation of [...]

Hiking and Trekking

See & do / Hiking and trekking Welcome to the Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor   The Natural and Culturo-Historical region of Kotor, part of the Bay of Kotor, is one of over 1000 sites from around the world that is on the UNESCO World Heritage List of places with outstanding value to humanity     Author: Expeditio The harmonious relationship between the impressive nature of the bay and diverse and rich cultural heritage, which has been shaped and [...]

Risan

Guides / Risan Oldest settlement   Risan is mentioned in the 3rd century AD as a fortified Illyrian town _____________________________________________________________________ By Vilma Kovačević, archaeologist The Town of Risan, situated in the inner section of Boka Kotorska Bay and surrounded by high mountains always constituted a strategically well positioned place for urban development. The abundance of fresh water and good spot for the docking of ships had also been particularly conducive to this. Already Classical authors mention Risan as related to [...]

Kotor Montenegro

Hiking paradise Activities Harmonious realtionship between the nature and rich cultural heritage of Kotor, created and maintained through centuries, makes this area cultural landscape of exceptional values. Show more Meet our locals People From Grbalj, through the Old town, Perast and Risan, until you reach the mysterious hinterland of the Bay of Kotor, you will discover gems of human creation with deep respect for nature, and magical sponataneity of local people. Show more Kotor Old town Centuries young  Two different [...]

Diving and Snorkeling

See & do / Diving and snorkeling Montenegro+ Diving Club Plava Planeta Monte Mare Travel Captain Ivan Boat Tours Adventure Montenegro

Dobrota

Guides / Dobrota About goodness     Lots of sun, many springs and mild climate of this area, probably influenced the origin of the name of Dobrota, which in Serbo-Croatian means goodness The inhabitants of Dobrota distinguished themselves, not solely as seamen, but also as warriors, participating in the famous battles. Moreover, Dobrota is known for its captains’ houses, which surrounded by “emerald waters and soaring mountains rival anything in the Italian lakes” The oldest preserved monument is the Church [...]

Prčanj

Guides / Prčanj Ideal climate at the foot of Mount Vrmac   Specific topographic position enables the mixing of the marine and mountain air, a confirmed natural treatment factor in Prčanj for more than one century Driving along the coast, one reaches a famous settlement called PRČANJ (1 128 inhabitants), which has “grown together” with Lower Stoliv for the reason of intensive construction activity. Formerly, just like in the case of other settlements in Kotors – Risan Bay, Prčanj had [...]

Muo

Guides / Muo Fishing specialties and fishermen nights    Well-known fishing village, mentioned as such in the 15th century documents Farther on towards Kotor, there is Muo, a well-known fishing village, mentioned as such in the 15th century documents stored in Kotor Historical Archives. Besides, some words and names used by the inhabitants of Muo in their fishing vocabulary are of Greek and Roman origin, which indicates that the fishing tradition in this place is very old. The Church of [...]

Getting around Kotor

Getting Around Kotor In Kotor, there is a local city bus running every hour. Departures towards Kostanjica start at 6.15 at Škaljari Novo Naselje. Tickets are sold by the driver, and the price, depending on the distance, ranges from 1 to 2.50 euros. Here you may find the price range. The schedule of departures for locations in the bay and to Dragalj you may find on this location. On Sundays, departures are scheduled at odd hours from Novo Naselje (Škaljari), [...]